What Are the Common Diabetes Symptoms?

What Are the Common Diabetes Symptoms? post thumbnail image

Diabetes is mainly of three types. We are more or less familiar with all these types of diabetes. Each type of diabetes shows some diabetes symptoms. If someone becomes diabetic, then how will he come to know about the disease? Actually, diabetes symptoms are alarming factors for us. Some of the diabetes symptoms are more common while others are slightly unusual. Do you know what these symptoms are? Let me tell you all about diabetes symptoms and how they occur. Stay active!

Common Diabetes Symptoms (Alamat)

  • Increase in thirst 
  • Frequent urination
  • Feel hungry (increase in appetite)
  • Poor wounds healing 
  • Skin color changes 
  • Joints pain (lower joint)
  • Urinary infections 
  • Fatigued 
  • Blurred vision (retinopathy) 

Point to be noted! It is not necessary for a diabetic patient to exhibit all symptoms of disease. Diabetes symptoms may vary among different diabetic patients. Some patients often show rare diabetes symptoms. 

Which Diabetes Symptom Represents what? 

Of course, when we say that things happen for a reason, we actually mean it. A certain diabetic symptom represents diabetes in one way or the other way. Isn’t it interesting? Let’s give an account to confirm the science behind each symptom. 

Increase in Thirst

USM perfectly explains this symptom. It is quite a common diabetes symptom. In the unani system, one way to describe the thing is through temperament (mizaj). We feel thirst because of hot body temperament that is further connected with kidney temperament (mizaj gurda). Therefore, we need more and more water to thermoregulate the body temperature to optimum level again. 

Frequent Urination 

When we describe diabetes as kidney disorder in the unani system, this definition itself supports this symptom. As we know, the main function of the kidney is to absorb water from the body and produce urine. Our kidneys play dual roles in our body. They are excretory plus osmoregulatory organs. Again, we can say that the hot kidney temperament is responsible for frequent urination. 

Our kidney reabsorbs more water due to hot body temperament. As a result, they passes out more urine through the ureter. Hence, frequent mucirution and thirst both go hand in hand in a patient. More urination, more will thirst. 

Feel Hungry (Increase in Appetite)

As we know, blood glucose level increases in diabetes. Insulin is the hormone behind this activity. It helps the glucose molecules to enter the cell. Then, these cells get energy from chemical bonds of sugar molecules. It happens in diabetes that cells could not get energy due to insulin deficiency or inactivity. Therefore, they send the message to the brain every time they feel low in energy. So, a diabetic patient has an increase in appetite. They cannot bear hunger for a long time. 

Poor Wounds Healing 

Most important task of our skin is to cover the body. If by any chance, any portion of skin damage, a wound develops. A wound required intensive care for fast healing. In normal persons, wounds healing done itself as a part of a natural process. But the recovery process for diabetic patients is slightly longer. The reason behind is low blood circulation in such victims. 

Skin Color Changes 

Skin patch formation is another diabetes symptom. It usually happens, when the body produces insulin in sufficient amounts but cells do not respond to them. Excessive amounts of insulin stimulates the production of new cells with more melanin. As a result, this skin pigment darkens the skin making patchy areas. Similarly, diabetic patients with high cholesterol also have dark coloured skin due to thickening and folding of skin due to trans-fat (cholesterol). 

Joints Pain (Lower Joint)

Low blood circulation is a chief factor behind this diabetes symptom. But nerve and muscle damages due to high blood sugar are other factors for joint pain. Normally, this pain is felt in the knee joints. 

Urinary Infections 

Pathogens normally feed on glucose. High glucose concentration in blood provides a favorable environment for their growth. Frequent urination also puts a person at the risk of urinary infections. 

Fatigued 

Cells do not get sufficient supply of glucose by disturbance in insulin activity. As a consequence, a patient feels tired and fatigued.

Blurred Vision (Retinopathy) 

It is a severe diabetic symptom which causes difficulty in image formation. Retina is the layer where the eye forms an image by reflecting the light. Macula swells and damages the retina. Hence, the patient has partially blurred vision for a shorter or longer duration. 

Diabetes Types 

There are three types of diabetes that we come across with. These types are given below:

Sr. #Diabetes Type Definition 
Diabetes Type 1 A type of diabetes that occurs due to insulin deficiency. Actually, this happens due to attacks of auto-immune systems of the body on pancreatic cells. As a consequence, its ability to produce healthy insulin gets affected. 
Diabetes Type 1 It happens late in life (after maturity). This type of diabetes concerns insulin inactivity. Due to metabolic disorders, cells cease to respond to insulin.  
Gestational Diabetes The type is only seen in pregnant females. Normally, it initiates during pregnancy but disappears itself after childbirth. 

Complication and Risk Factors

You must be aware of following, when you deal with any type of diabetes:

Diabetes TypeComplicationsRisk factors
Common Diabetes  (Type 1 or 2) Neuropathy  Cardiovascular problems Nephropathy   Retinopathy  Auditory problems   Dementia Foot and skin infections Depression Physical inactivity Age factor (45 years or more), Type 1 appears in childhood Body weight (obesity) Have gestational diabetes  Metabolic disorders  Family history
Gestational DiabetesPreterm birth Risk for T2D Hypoglycemia  Jaundice  Miscarriage  Dead born  Higher weight of newbornObesity  Exposure to gestational diabetes in previous deliveries  Age factor (over 25 years) Family history  Have PCOS (Polycystic Ovary Syndrome)

Treatment for Diabetes Symptoms

The ultimate treatment of diabetes symptoms is;

  • First, Weight Management 

For most of the healthy problems, obesity plays a significant role. Similarly, an abrupt weight loss among diabetic patients is another problem. A diabetic patient needs to regulate his body weight. Therefore, they need physical activity. An intensive exercise routine is good for body building only. In diabetes treatment, a patient only wants to maintain their body weight. So, light body exercises at home like walking, roping, and jumping are wise choices. 

  • Second, Adjust Blood Sugar

Your body digests whatever you add to your plate. Almost all the components of food have a role as a building block in their systems. Also, our cells take energy only in the form of glucose. So, whatever you take, your body converts it into glucose and pour it into a blood vessel. Hence, we urge you to choose our plate wisely to adjust the blood sugar. 

Likewise, a diabetic patient must keep a sugar test apparatus at their home. By this they can check their sugar anytime. 

  • Forth, Oral Medicines

We have plenty of herbal products for treating diabetes symptoms. Home remedies, unani formulations and self-care go hand in hand for diabetes treatment (sugar ki dawa). 

  • Third, intake insulin (clinical approach) 

Some people take insulin injections for cell metabolism. Otherwise, their body cells could not use glucose for energy production. 

  • Fifth, use surgical approach

Surgical approaches include pancreas transplantation and bariatric bypass. This surgical method is not very common up till now. 

Conclusion 

From the above details on diabetes, you are surely aware of diabetes symptoms. Consult your physician and perform a glucose test at an early stage for quick control. Otherwise, you might be entangled by these symptoms. And put yourself at the risk of other metabolic disorders. 

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