The jackfruit crop is grown on a large scale in India. It is also called the world’s largest fruit. Its fully developed plant yields for many years. Its ripe fruit can also be eaten like this, but it is specially used to eat it as a vegetable. That’s why it can be called both fruit and vegetable. There are small thorns on the upper layer of the jackfruit. Many types of nutrients are also found in jackfruit, such as Iron, calcium, vitamins A, C, and potassium, are available in large quantities and are also beneficial for the human body.
After eating jackfruit, one thing has to be taken care of, never eat betel after that because it can cause the problem of obesity in the stomach. Fruits can be obtained from jackfruit plants twice a year, due to which farmer brothers can also earn well by cultivating jackfruit.
Soil, Climate & Temperature
Jackfruit farming can be done on all types of land, but sandy loam soil is considered very suitable for its crop. Apart from this, take special care that the land should not be water-logged. P.H. of the land in its cultivation. The value should be around 7. Moreover, New Holland 3230 is the advanced model of tractor which helps in farming and cost effective.
A hot and humid climate is considered very suitable for the jackfruit crop. Its plants overgrow in high summer and rainy seasons, but the frost falling in winter harms its crop. Along with this, a temperature below 10 degrees harms plants’ growth.
Jackfruit plants, once prepared, give yield for many years. That’s why before cultivating jackfruit, its field should be designed well. First of all, deep ploughing of the area should be done. After this, get the lot ploughed by planting a stake, making the field level. Then, keeping a distance of 10 meters in this flat field, prepare a 1 meter wide and deep pit. After this, put the appropriate amount of old cow dung manure and fertiliser in these pits and leave them open for a few days. After 15 days, the plants are planted in this pit.
Before planting the prepared cuttings of the plant in the pits, they are filled with manure and soil mixed well in those pits. After this, the cuttings are covered in these pits at 2 to 4 cm depth. For this, the rainy season is considered most appropriate because, during this time, moisture remains in the plants, due to which the plants grow well.
Jackfruit plants do not require much irrigation, but immediately after transplanting the plants, their first irrigation should be done. After this, it requires two to three more irrigations in the summer season at 15 to 20 days. If it is a rainy season, then its plants should be watered when needed.
When weeds are seen in the field, weeding should be done by its natural method to control weeds. Also, for handling tractor attachments the New Holland 3630 model is efficient and handles everything with ease.
Diseases & Prevention
- Fruit Rot Disease
This type of disease is seen during fruit setting on plants. This disease destroys the fruits by rotting them near their stalk. This type of disease is caused by Rhizopus artocarpi on plants. This disease can be prevented by spraying an appropriate blue copper solution.
- Bug Disease
This type of disease is mainly seen in the leaves of plants and their new branches. When affected by this disease, the leaves of the plant start turning yellow. Due to this, the plant starts growing. Plants can be saved from this disease by spraying 0.5% Malathion.
- Pink Spot
This type of disease is seen on the lower surface of the leaves of the plant. To prevent this disease, copper oxychloride or blue copper should be sprayed on jackfruit plants by making a solution of copper oxychloride or blue copper in appropriate quantities.
Jackfruit plants are ready to yield about three to four years after transplanting. Apart from this, there are wide varieties which take more time to produce. About 150 plants can be planted in a one-hectare field. Due to this, about 500 to 1000 KG yield is obtained from a plant in a year. According to this, farmer brothers can easily earn about three to four lakhs from one year’s production of jackfruit.