10 Keys To Car Maintenance

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The workshops want to do their bit to contribute to road safety and minimize the environmental impact of cars.

Above all, these ten points:

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1. Shock absorbers

Shock absorbers provide driving comfort and represent a guarantee of safety.

It also helps to control the vehicle at high speeds and in risky situations.

In fact, it is considered one of the three essential components of the so-called “safety triangle”, that is the tires and brakes .

The correct functioning of a shock absorber depends on various factors, such as:

  1. The state of the road
  2. Load of the vehicle
  3. Mileage and the effects of wear such as cold, heat and humidity.

The action of these factors causes the effect of the shock absorber to gradually reduce, until it stops working properly. As it is not a very noticeable wear for the driver , it is advisable to carry out periodic checks every 20,000 kilometers .

2. Windshield wiper blades

In case of rain , the windscreen wiper blades play an essential role.

If they do not sweep well and do not properly evacuate the water, (or hail or snow), they prevent precious information from reaching our eyes.

A few seconds can be vital.

You can extend the life of your windshield wipers .

Of course, when the brushes leave areas to be swept, they cause strange fogging, make noise or jumps, the time has come to replace them.

There is nothing worse for its components than long days of sun and high temperatures. Now, in addition, they usually incorporate very interesting wear detectors to incorporate.

3. Filters

You should check them at least once a year . Various types of filters are mounted on vehicles :

OIL FILTERS


Normal engine wear implies the appearance of metallic particles that detach from the components and end up in the lubricant.

The mission of the oil filter is to retain these particles that impair the performance of the engine or even seriously damage it.

Given that the replacement periods for oils have been greatly extended in new vehicles and despite the fact that the quality of the filters has improved significantly, it is essential to replace this element each time the lubricant is changed . Make sure to always go for a good oil change using Valvoline 19.99 oil change coupon. If you dare to change the oil yourself , you can follow these seven steps.

AIR FILTERS


A filter in good condition ensures that the air reaching the engine does not contain abrasive particles.

In this way, combustion is carried out in the best conditions and fuel consumption remains at the levels listed in the vehicle’s catalog, as is the case with polluting emissions.

It is important that the filter is always checked during vehicle maintenance operations. The end of its life depends a lot on the places through which it is circulated.

Hence, if you usually walk on dusty roads , it is necessary to replace them much more frequently than if you drive through much cleaner environments.

FUEL FILTERS


Their operation differs in the case of gasoline vehicles : they remove impurities from the fuel before they reach the engine, while in vehicles that run on diesel they serve to remove water and prevent corrosion of the metal elements of the engine.

In both cases, your task is paramount to ensure the health of the engine . They must be checked whenever the vehicle enters the workshop for maintenance.

INTERIOR FILTERS


If the rest of the filters that are mounted in a vehicle are intended to guarantee the health of the car’s engine, the passenger compartment takes care of the health of its occupants . As it does? By “trapping” dust particles and pollen grains that are suspended in the environment.

Therefore, they prevent them from entering the vehicle and lessen its negative impact, especially on allergy sufferers, in addition to providing a feeling of cleanliness and well-being inside the cabin. Important especially when traveling with an allergy sufferer .

4. Tires

Many factors influence the useful life of a tire : from the tire components themselves and storage prior to sale, to the way the user drives, or the weather and the characteristics of the pavement on which it rolls. Therefore, it is very difficult to determine an estimated number of kilometers ( there are brands that last longer than others ). However, being the link between the car and the road, its role in safety is paramount.

You must correctly maintain the pressure ratings recommended by the manufacturer.

You should always be very aware of the appearance of vibrations and noises, abnormal wear (greater in some areas than others), of any strange behavior detected during braking.

The time for change may have come and we may even be warned of failures in other safety-related components.

5. Brakes

With the brakes in bad condition we will need more meters to stop the car in any emergency. The wear of the components of the brake system depends a lot on the driving characteristics and also on the usual means by which the vehicle rolls (traffic jams in cities, mountain routes, with many curves, etc.).

Therefore, it is very important that this system is reviewed by a specialist at least once a year .

It is not easy to detect it, since the brake components deteriorate little by little and, unless the difference is very marked (it goes to one side, it takes time to “react”, noises, squeaks, etc.) in which case the step by the workshop must be immediate. We have already talked about how to keep the brakes in good condition .

6. Lubricants

Lubricants minimize wear on engine parts, channel the metallic particles arising from this wear towards the filter, help cooling and avoid minute leaks in the circuit due to their sealing properties.

The useful life of lubricants has been greatly increased in modern cars.

20 years ago, the average change was around 5,000-8,000 kilometers, but today vehicle manufacturers speak of more distant replacements, over 30,000 kilometers for their new models … although delaying the change of more than 15,000 kilometers Lubricants make the engine suffer excessively.

The workshops advise to check the level of the lubricant reservoir (every 1,500 kilometers), an excellent habit that saves many scares and that saves trouble and money.

If you must replenish, choose the type of lubricant recommended by the vehicle manufacturer.

7. Lighting


Your vehicle’s headlights allow you to see. It is no longer mandatory to carry spare lamps in the car (due to the difficulty of their assembly and even the electrical risks that the operation of change in certain vehicles can suppose), it is not necessary to forget that it is obligatory to maintain the system of lighting and signage in optimal conditions .

To do this, it is convenient to check the proper functioning of all the lights (position, dipped, road, brake, reverse, turn signals and fog lights) on a monthly basis and keep their outer surface free of mud and dirt . Likewise, whenever any irregularity is detected (a drop in intensity, for example), you should consider a specialist. Always try to buy automotive products with amazon coupons at discount price.

8. Exhaust system and catalysts


Exhaust systems have a double mission in caring for the environment: they must reduce pollutant emissions and the noise of gases coming out of the engine.

You can avoid the deterioration, due to its hard task, especially when driving a lot in cities or on uneven road surfaces.

You will notice leaks or corrosion due to a lack of engine power and the increase in lubricant consumption .

Also, and according to the main manufacturers, driving with catalytic converters or defective exhaust pipes can increase the risk of fire.

It also cause suffocation and poisoning indoors.

The catalysts stop covering their protective function of the environment at 80,000 km, so it is worth checking them from 60,000 km .

To avoid damaging it, it is advisable to avoid getting on the curbs and to warm up the vehicle by keeping the car idling for a couple of minutes before starting off.

9. Timing belt


The timing belt synchronizes the four strokes of the engine, the opening and closing of the intake and exhaust valves and the spark of the spark plug.

It is very important to follow the vehicle manufacturer’s advice because, being an element that wears out, its breakage can cause a serious and expensive engine breakdown .

It is practically impossible for an average driver to detect its deterioration (you can always pay attention ).

So the best forecast is to replace it by an average unit based on the intervals recommended by the manufacturer. And if you have to buy a new (or used) car, know the differences between a timing belt and chain .

10. Environment


Some of the parts in vehicles are considered hazardous waste and are highly polluting (in addition to being considered a crime).

Vehicle repair and maintenance workshops comply with strict regulations for the correct recovery and recycling of waste. If you change any component, go to the nearest clean point . And if you plan to retire your car , do it responsibly.

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